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Cretan diet

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Cretan dietThe Cretan diet has provided not only longevity to Cretans, but also the basis and the main elements of what is considered by many to be the Mediterranean diet.
It has been proven by several studies that the contribution of the Cretan diet to a long and healthy life is significant. Therefore the Cretan population is one of the longest living amongst those studied.  The basis of the Cretan diet includes the daily consumption of olive oil.Unlike other vegetable oils olive oil is able to reduce the concentration of saturated fats in the blood which contributes to the reduction of bad cholesterol which is the main reason of atherosclerosis causing heart disease. The healthy way of living that this diet promotes contributes to the prevention of other diseases such as cancer.
We can see Cretan diet as a pyramid with olive oil as a basis however complementing it are cereals, fruits, vegetables, and pulses on a daily consumption.
Eggs, dairy products, white meats and fish are to be consumed on a weekly basis whereas on a monthly basis it is suggested that red meat is beneficial.
A very important aspect of the Cretan diet is the cultivation of these products which is primarily done by organic farming. This means that fresh produce is free from pesticides and fertilizers. In the past year these endeavors have been supported by funds from the European Union.
An example of a traditional dish which consists of the Cretan diet is the “Dacos” which is dried bread husks, smashed organic tomatoes, olive oil, feta cheese and oregano.  Even red meats are mainly grilled and are accompanied with fresh vegetables and wild herbs.
The Cretan diet model should be part of a general healthy lifestyle which includes regular physical exercise, relaxed attitude and a avoidance of stressful situations.

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